Software development toolmaker JetBrains has released the latest upgrade of Kotlin, its open-source programming language for both the JVM and Android.
Kotlin 1.0.5 includes a number of bug fixes and tooling updates from version 1.0, which was made generally available in February.
The list of productivity improvements in this release includes, most notably, new support for postfix code completion in the IntelliJ IDEA plugin. JetBrains introduced what was then a new kind of code completion to IntelliJ IDEA, its code-centric Java IDE, in 2014. This feature allows developers to transform an already typed expression into another one based on the postfix added, the type of expression, and its context, explained JetBrains principal engineer Dmitry Jemerov in a blog post.
Also with this release, the IntelliJ IDEA plugin can now detect many cases where imperative for loops can be written in a more compact and idiomatic manner using standard library functions, such as filter and map, Jemerov reported.
The Kotlin plugin now supports "Extract Interface" and "Extract Superclass" refactorings, Jemerov said, which were previously supported only for Java and some other languages. There's also a new refactoring "Introduce Type Parameter," which provides an easy way to change a class or function into a generic one.
This release also updates the Kotlin Lint checks to parity with Android Studio 2.2 Java Lint checks. ("Lint" is a code scanning tool in the Android Studio IDE.) It also adds a feature long awaited by Android developers: "Extract string resource" intention, which allows devs to move a hard-coded string literal from Kotlin code to a string resource file.
JetBrains is the chief commercial supporter of Kotlin, which it unveiled in 2011 at the JVM Language Summit in Santa Clara, CA, and later released it for distribution under the Apache 2 Open Source License. The language is actively used in production at the Prague-based JetBrains and by other companies and individual developers "from web-service back-ends to Android apps," said project lead Andrey Breslav. The company has reportedly committed 20 JetBrains employees to the project, and claims that nearly 100 collaborators are working on the language.
Gradle, Inc., chief commercial supporter of the open-source Gradle build automation system, has been working with JetBrains to provide a Kotlin-based build programming language for Gradle, called Gradle Script Kotlin.
Two books have been written about the language: Kotlin in Action and Kotlin for Android Developers. A curated list of Kotlin frameworks, libraries, documents and other resources is available on GitHub.
According to Wikipedia, Kotlin is the name of a Russian island located near the head of the Gulf of Finland, 20 miles west of Saint Petersburg in the Baltic Sea. One of JetBrains' development offices is located in Saint Petersburg.
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