Java Still Top Language in an Increasingly Polyglot World
- By John K. Waters
The language popularity monitors at TIOBE Software say their June Programming Community Index is something of a milestone: for the first time in the history of the Index, a language needed a rating of more than 1.0 percent to be part of the top 20. What this means, TIOBE says, is that the number of real market leaders is declining.
What that means is the number of languages in use today is growing as more and more "less well-known" languages are being adopted.
"About 10 years ago, the first eight language covered 80 percent of the market," Tiobe said in its latest popularity report, "now this is reduced to 55 percent. This phenomenon is also called the long tail, a term that has been popularized by Chris Anderson of Wired in 2004."
Java held the top spot again this month. (TIOBE crowned the venerable OO language "Programming Language of 2015," and it has remained the most popular through 2016.) And by "popular," TIOBE means the language in which the most lines of code have been written. The company considers the number of skilled engineers world-wide using the language, courses available on it, and third party vendors touting it. It uses Google, Bing, Yahoo!, Wikipedia, Amazon, YouTube and Baidu, among other resources to calculate the ratings.
Java scored a rating of 20.794 percent, which is an increase of 2.97 percent over last month. Second place went to C with a rating of 12.376 percent, down 4.41 percent. C++ came in third with 6.199 percent, down 1.56 percent.
John has been covering the high-tech beat from Silicon Valley and the San Francisco Bay Area for nearly two decades. He serves as Editor-at-Large for Application Development Trends (www.ADTMag.com) and contributes regularly to Redmond Magazine, The Technology Horizons in Education Journal, and Campus Technology. He is the author of more than a dozen books, including The Everything Guide to Social Media; The Everything Computer Book; Blobitecture: Waveform Architecture and Digital Design; John Chambers and the Cisco Way; and Diablo: The Official Strategy Guide.