Report Cites Problems with FBI's Approach to Agile Development
Add the FBI to the list of federal government agencies that are reportedly failing to correctly implement Agile software development practices -- a move mandated by the Obama administration.
Last month FierceGovernmentIT reported an independent investigation that concluded there were numerous "high-level concerns" and "weaknesses" in the FBI's plan -- called the Path Forward -- to complete an oft-troubled case management system named Sentinel.
The report, commissioned by the FBI, was conducted by the Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University (SEI) and was obtained by FierceGovernmentIT through a Freedom of Information Act request.
The FierceGovernmentIT article was published near the same time that other articles reported problems with the Veterans Administration implementation of Agile methodologies.
The SEI report specifically cited problems with the FBI's implementation of commonly accepted Agile practices. Some of these problems included:
- Size of teams. While Agile typically calls for small teams of five to 10 members, the FBI development and testing teams consist of about 25 people each, with only one ScrumMaster.
- Role sharing. While Agile typically calls for all roles to be shared and team members to be in the same location, the FBI's plan includes separate development and testing teams, with members located in different locations.
- Not using Agile techniques. The report said "we heard comparatively little discussion of such Agile techniques as continuous integration, sprint retrospectives, user involvement, story development, team-based incentives or automated testing."
- Management. While Agile teams are supposed to be self-managed and self-organized, interviews with team members "seemed to assume that many decisions would be deferred to management." The report also listed one of the "high-level concerns" with the plan was undefined details and that "the program manager will apparently be making most of the decisions about those undefined details, instead of those decision[s] becoming the shared responsibility of the scrum team[s]."
Other concerns with the correct implementation of Agile centered on a non-Agile "fixed time/fixed scope approach" instead of a more flexible schedule, a "separate QA and verification and validation team" and lack of product owner or "user community at large" involvement, among others.
The report also listed several strengths in the plan, such as:
- Clearly defined overall objectives, including cost and schedule
- Clearly defined roles and responsibilities and use of a common document repository
- An intention to use existing assets
- Co-location of the development team in the Washington FBI facility
However, the report's first listed "high-level concern" was that the plan meant "an enormous change in direction for the FBI." It also noted the FBI's tradition of a rigorous and exacting culture may make it difficult or impossible for team members to "rapidly acquire so different a perspective on their work" as is required in Agile development.
And even though the SEI cited numerous weaknesses that should be addressed and remedied, it said, "We cannot go so far as to predict that, should these weaknesses be remedied, the Path Forward project will succeed."
David Ramel is editor in chief of Visual Studio Magazine and Application Development Trends Magazine.