- By Barbara Darrow
It's been a pretty busy fall and winter in software tools.
In early December, Google hosted its Google Web Toolkit conference. Probably not coincidentally that same week, Microsoft took the wraps off its nascent Volta toolset.
And thus the battle for developers' hearts and minds continues along the Java vs. .NET front.
"Microsoft has saturated the enterprise market with Visual Studio and the other part of that market is owned by Eclipse," says Dave Thomas, founder and chairman of Bedarra Research Labs, a long-time programming expert. He is taking a look at Volta, which will probably end up as a Visual Studio add-on.
So now Microsoft is striking out beyond the enterprise into the more consumer-oriented Web application development now dominated by Adobe/Macromedia toolsets.
Google acknowledged this with the first release of GWT in May 2006. The stated goal was to make development of AJAX apps easier. Google Maps and GMail, unsurprisingly, were cited as examples of good AJAX implementations.
The interesting thing about Volta and Silverlight is they are implicit acknowledgment by Microsoft that it does not control each and every client device out there.
"Microsoft has had this environment which is where they've kept developers for a long time. They had their IDE and now it's moved onto C Sharp. Microsoft wants all of its developers to stay with its toolset and output to other things -- so you export to Silverlight or a mobile device but your core development remains in the Windows world," Christman said.
Still that Visual Basic/Windows dominance is being challenged. A survey this summer by Evans Data Group found that developers are moving away from Windows. Of the 400 developers surveyed, 64.8 percent were targeting Windows this year down from 74 percent last year. And, Evans expects that percentage to drop another couple of points this year.
Evans Data does point out that it expects the use of Ruby to soar by 50 percent this year.
The other interesting fault line in app development is that between Adobe and Microsoft. Adobe, which now includes the Macromedia Flash and Flex franchises, is the darling of Web developers. Microsoft's desire to win over companies like EffectiveUI helped spawn Silverlight, its plug-in for creating cross-browser, cross-platform .NET applications.
The $3.4 billion "Macrodobe" merger was announced April 2005 and completed the following August.
Christman, a big Macromedia fan, admits to early qualms but is now reassured.
"Adobe is traditionally designer focused and Macromedia developer focused. Adobe didn't do big Adobe conferences where Macromedia did. I was concerned that Adobe would win out in that sense and we'd lose support but to be honest, they have been even more open. It's like they merged, they looked out to the community and followed our suggestions. I've been more involved with decisions with Flex and Flash than I was before."
Adobe this fall also took a tiny open-source step, offering up its ActionScript Virtual Machine to Mozilla.org. The resulting Tamarin Project hopes to bring ActionScript's flashiness into the Firefox realm. ActionScript is the scripting language embedded in Adobe's ubiquitous Flash player.
Adobe, with its Macromedia muscle, is still pretty much in the proprietary software camp but some viewed this as a step forward. Bedarra's Thomas, on the other hand, cries too little too late. He characterized this as a "last ditch" effort. "If you open source early you can win mindshare but if you keep it all proprietary and at the last moment open source it, you're just one of the open source losers' group."
Barbara Darrow is RDN’s industry editor.